title=”Get Up & Go! Pricing Strategy” style=”max-width: 100%;”/>
Pricing is about working out how much to charge customers for a product or service.
In many cases, price can act as an influence on buyer choice. When setting price, you need to
consider your overheads, competitors’ price strategies and the customer’s perception of value for
A good price strategy will help to achieve the financial goals of the organisation, reflect the
customer’s view of value for money and support the product’s positioning in the market.
What do consumers think about price?
When creating a price strategy, it’s important to research consumers’ opinions about pricing
because it can tell you how much they value the product or service, as well as what they are
willing to pay.
A purchase decision is usually based on what the consumer believes the price should be – not the
price the marketer places on the product. There are 3 main price strategy factors that influence
a consumer’s perception of price:
- Reference prices: Many consumers compare the price of a product
or service to a ‘reference price’. For example, next time you’re in a book store, have a look at
the price tag on the back of a novel. You might notice a recommended retail price, which is usually
higher than the price you are offered in store. This price acts as a reference point for consumers
and influences their perception of value for money
- Price as an indicator of quality: In many cases, price is
viewed by consumers as a reflection on the quality of the product or service. The price/quality
relationship is particularly relevant in situations where the consumer is unfamiliar with the
product or service. For example a customer might believe that a $200 pair of jeans is better
quality than a $50 pair of jeans, even though they are made from the same fabric.
- Price cues: Marketers use ‘price cues’ to convey the notion of
a discount or a bargain. Price cues include sale signs and pricing which ends in a “9″;.
For example the MP3 player which costs $299 instead of $300.
How to set a price strategy
The key to setting a price strategy, is to do your research. Here are some questions to get you
- What are your price objectives? Are you looking to break-even, maximise profits or increase market share?
- What are your competitors’ charging? Do they offer discounts, product bundling or other buyer incentives?
- How does price affect the level of demand? If the product is priced at a premium does the demand increase or decrease?
- How sensitive are customers to a change in price? How would a price cut or a price increase impact sales?
- Will the price cover the costs of production, promotion and distribution?
- What pricing method will you use? Will you mark-up products, determine the return
investment or price the product according to the customer’s perceived value?
- How will customers and competitors react to a change in price?
The impact of the web on pricing strategies
The internet is changing rules of pricing by allowing consumers to get instant price comparisons
from thousands of vendors. It also provides consumers with easy access to product and company
information, allows them to negotiate prices in online auctions and makes the search for products
The last word on price strategy
Price is the most important ingredient in the marketing mix (next to the product, of course). From
the marketer’s point of view, an effective price strategy is one that is close to the maximum that
customers are willing to pay. What’s the right price worth to you?